In the spirit of #MerdekaHijau, this story will highlight the waste problem in the Indonesian capital, DKI Jakarta. The waste problem in Jakarta is one of the worst in Indonesia. The root causes are complex and tangled, from the density of the population, community behavior, and the availability of waste management facilities. So, how is it going so far?
Jakarta’s Waste Problem
DKI Jakarta suffers from various environmental problems, from waste produced and air pollution. More specifically, Jakarta has faced waste problems since it was called Batavia. For hundreds of years, this problem has existed and is unsolved yet.
In 2020, Jakarta’s residents generated household waste up to 8.3 tons per day. Organic waste made up approximately 49.7% of the total waste produced. To handle this amount of waste, Jakarta still uses open dumping and burning waste. The recycling process has begun, although the percentage is still low.
The waste problem in Jakarta has been polemic since the colonial era. At that time, the Batavian government was overwhelmed dealing with river pollution. This happened because people threw waste into the river. Moreover, people also burned their waste. They did it because there were no adequate facilities to collect and manage waste. During the reign of Governor-General Maatsuyker, a solution was found to provide trash bins on the riverbanks. The collected waste was transported by boat.
To overcome the waste problem in DKI Jakarta, the provincial government has issued waste management policies. One of the policies is regulated in Governor Regulation No. 108 of 2019 concerning Regional Policies and Strategies for the Special Capital Region of Jakarta in the Management of Household Waste and Waste Similar to Household Waste. To reach the industrial realm, there are also regulations in DKI Jakarta Governor Regulation No. 102 of 2021 concerning Obligations for Waste Management in Areas and Companies.
The implementation of these policies is by prohibiting the use of single-use plastic bags in minimarkets and supermarkets. Furthermore, the government is also trying to recycle organic waste into maggot. However, the improvement of the waste management system itself is still not significant. The system is still implementing the flow of waste disposal, transportation, and processing at the landfill.
DRS Presents Solutions Through Public Education
Responding to the problems, Driving Refill Solution (DRS), P4G, and Cycle collaborate to build a habit of managing waste from home. They bring solutions considering the importance of reducing waste generation from the source of the problem. This collaboration facilitates the people of DKI Jakarta to reduce single-use packaging product consumption.
To help people reduce their consumption of single-use plastics, DRS conducts a series of educational activities such as group socialization and individual counseling. This program is part of the Greeneration Foundation, they share knowledge on responsible waste management. Since 2020, there have been around 1700 people in 13 areas of Jabodetabek villages who have better knowledge in reducing and managing waste independently.
To help people in applying refill behavior, Siklus provides refill services for household needs. This service provides facilities for residents to refill soap, oil, shampoo, and other necessities. This solution is much more practical and eco-friendly because users simply order their needs through the application.
This collaboration provides a space for the community to learn as well as apply their insights and turn them into good habits. This collaboration is a concrete manifestation of sustainable consumption and production implementation. This solution enlights a better future for DKI Jakarta in managing waste. You can also be involved to reduce plastic waste here.